The use of the ORCID system will enable you to fulfill the new National Science Foundation requirements effective June 1, 2020. As of June 1, NSF will accept short-form biographical sketches only in certain approved formats. The only format approved to date by NSF is the format produced by the SciENcv platform. ORCID and SciENcv will also enable faculty members to organize required current-and-pending documents. Joining the ORCID system is the first step in using the SciENcv platform. See this video for more information about connecting SciEncv to ORCID.
NIH, joined by CDC and AHRQ, will begin requiring individuals supported by training, fellowship, career development, and other research education awards to have an ORCID iD linked to their personal electronic Research Administration (eRA) account (NOT-OD-19-109). See more information from NIH:
An ORCID iD (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) gives you a way to reliably, unambiguously and permanently connect your names(s) with your work throughout your research career, including publications, grants, education, employment and other biographical information, etc.
This can be helpful in a number of ways as it:
Provides a means to distinguish you from other authors with identical or similar names.
Links together your body of work, especially if you have had or used different names during the course of your career.
Makes it easy for others including potential collaborators, funders, prospective employers, conference organizers, publishers to easily find your research output.
Ensures that your work is clearly attributed to you
Researcher names can be ambiguous for a number of reasons. People who have published under common names, maiden names, abbreviations, or names including non-Roman characters may encounter difficulties in being discovered online. ORCIDs clarify this ambiguity by providing unique identifiers for each researcher.
The following example illustrates the number of ways that a single person's name could be rendered in publications and research outputs.(Slide by Mogens Sandfær of DEFF).