Skip to Main Content

Lehigh University Libraries - Library Guides

BIOS 095 Spring 2022

Professor Swann

Journal Citation Style -- NLM

Proper citing can help you avoid plagiarism. Visit the Avoiding Plagiarism guide!

An example of a citation style is the National Library of Medicine style. See the video in the tutorial about this style.

The citation example below is for this article. Look at this article, then compare to the example below. When you cite journal articles sources for your work in the class, render them in the same style as you see below. 

 Image above is from Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition.


*Use this site to find how to abbreviate the journal that you are citing.

See Citing Medicine2nd edition to see how to reference not just journals, but also websites, books, newspapers and other resources. Note: from this guide: "Journals are a particular type of periodical. These same rules and examples can be used for magazines and other types of periodicals."  

If you do a presentation, put citations either at the bottom of the slide(s) or batched at the end of the Powerpoint.


The guide above says:

"References are presented in two ways in medical publications. At the end of a journal article, book, or book chapter, all of the references that contributed to the work are presented in a list called references, end references, literature cited, or bibliography. Within the text of a publication, individual references are presented in an abbreviated format that refers back to the list. These abbreviated references within the text are called "in-text references."

For the purpose of this assignment, use the "name year" in-text citation style mentioned here.

Make sure your reference list, at the bottom of your paper, has "Items in order alphabetically by author’s last name, then year of publication".