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Lehigh University Libraries - Library Guides

BIOS 095 Spring 2022

Professor Swann




GOAL:  to give some tips about using the library resources either for this class or other classes. The points are applicable to writing or presentations.

Specific topics:

  1. Start with a popular level article, then find the scientific study it mentions. This will help show the distinction between popular and scholarly articles. 
  2. Find other scholarly articles related in topic, including review articles
  3. Then  find resources that help you understand what the scholarly articles is saying


After the demo, review the Tutorial (see page on left for link) and ask the science librarian for assistance with literature searching.

EXAMPLE TOPIC: the brain and behavior of an octopus


  • Popular versus Scientific Articles
  • Is this a popular or scholarly article?
  • How to find the article that it discusses.
  • Compare the two articles.


Use of Boolean operators and citing article look-ups to find scholarly articles.

Examples of databases to use:

  • Web of Science
  • Google Scholar.

Lehigh Links and ILLiad to obtain full text of an article.

You can limit your search results to review articles, a special type of scholarly article that provides an overview of developments in a subject as well as bibliography.


Some tips about reading scientific articles:

  • See the resources in this guide
  • Use background information.sources to learn more about the technical terms in a journal article. See the page of this guide "Background Information". If you find a source that is on the open web, assess whether it is reliable.


Put the citations you find into a citation style. See the page of this guide titled "Journal Citation Style", which focuses on the National Library of Medicine style.


At some point, spend two minutes setting up an ILLiad account, if you have not done so already. ILLiad enables you to order articles that Lehigh does not have electronically. Lehigh will order the item for you, or scan it if the print is available. In either case, you will receive an email with a link to the article. You may need to use ILLiad later in the semester or for other assignments or classes. Go here. Click on ILLiad. Fill out required one-time registration information. (If you want a tutorial, see here.)